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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas:"Twin" of Jesus

Son of the Leaping River

The Gnostic Apostle Thomas: Notes, Chapter 10

General Sources

Drijvers, H. J. W. (1) Bardaisan of Edessa ( l967).
Mitchell, F. W. S. Ephraim's Prose Refutations of Heretics (1921) vol. 1.
Segal, J. B. Edessa (l970)

Dialogue on Fate
Burkitt, F. C. Early Eastern Christianity ( l904) 161-88;
Drijvers, H. J. W. (2) The Book of the Law of Countries (Dialogue on Fate) (l965)
Pseudo-Clementine Recognitions , Book IX, ch. v, Trans. Thomas Smith, in Ante-Nicene Fathers , Vol viii. (Reprint, 1981).
Segal, 31-7.

Bardaisan's origins and life
Burkitt , 155-161;
Drijvers (1)and (2).


"Man is not just a zither . . . "
Drijvers (2), 12.

Examples of "laws of countries."
Pseudo-Clementine Recognitions , Book IX, c. 19-29 [Ante-Nicene Fathers , 187-9];
Drijvers (2), 41-59;

Eusebius on Bardaisan.
Eusebius of Caesarea, The History of the Church (Penguin edition, l965) sec. 30, 191.

Ephraim, "As for the Entities that Bardaisan brought in . . ."
"Refutations," Burkitt introduction , xlviii.

"[O]f all bodies to die . . ."
Ibid. xci.

Bardaisan as poet and musician
Drivers (1) 12;
Ephraim's Prose Refutations , 37;

Bardaisan and India
Drijvers (1), 218;
J. Wm. McCrindle, Ancient India, as described in classical literature ( l90l) 167-71;
H. G. Rawlinson, Intercourse between India and the Western World (2nd ed., l97l) 142-3.

Bardaisan denounced as a heretic
By Ephraim: Segal, 37;
Drijvers (1) 227-28;
Ephraim's Refutations , (Burkitt's introductory essay) iii-vii, xxi-xxv, xlviii, lxvi-lxxix; cxxii-cxxx, cvi.
By Epiphanius: Fortescue, Adrian. The Lesser Eastern Churches ( l9l3), 54.
By Eusebius: Eusebius, 191.

Deviations from later orthodoxy
Drijvers (1), 1-2, 98-105, 123, 169-70, 183-6.

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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas (c) 1997 Herbert Christian Merillat.