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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas:"Twin" of Jesus

Land of Pepper

The Gnostic Apostle Thomas: Notes, Chapter 15

General Sources

Thomas in the kingdom of Mazdai (Acts 7-13, Acts of Judas Thomas)
Bornkamm, Gunther. NTA-1992 [New Testament Apocrypha (Rev. ed., 1992)] vol 2, 425-531.
Klijn, A. F. J. The Acts of Thomas (1962).
James, Montague. The Apocryphal New Testament (1924).
Wright, William. Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles (1871; reprint 1968).

Thomas arrives in southern India?
There is a substantial literature. I have usually followed the two balanced and generally objective books by L. W. Brown and Stephen Neill. Some of the other general works are listed in Notes for Chapter 16.
Brown, L. W. The Indian Christians of St. Thomas (1956).
Neill, Stephen. A History of Christianity in India (1984).

Hymn of the Pearl
Bevan, A. A. "The Hymn of the Soul," Texts and Studies , vol. v, no.3. (1897).
Bornkamm, G. NTA-1992, vol. 2, 433-9, 498-504.
Haardt, Robert. Gnosis . Trans. J. F. Hendry. (1971) 112.
James, Montague. The Apocryphal New Testament (1924) 411-5.
Klijn, A. F. J. The Acts of Thomas (1962) 120-5, 273-81.
Layton, Bentley. The Gnostic Scriptures (1987) 366-75.
Widengren, Geo. The Gnostic Attitude Trans. Birger A. Pearson (1973) 13ff.
Wright, William. Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles . (l871; reprint 1968) 238-45.


Geography of Kerala
Woodcock, 41-9.

Early history of Kerala
L D. Barnett, "The Early History of Southern India," Cambridge Ancient History , vol. 5, ch. 24;
K. A. Nilakanta Sastri, A History of South India (3rd ed. 1966) 1-16, 78-98, 115-38, 428;
George Woodcock, Kerala: A Portrait of the Malabar Coast (1967) 65-111.

Seven churches and two presbyters
Brown, 50-4;
St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia , 179-89.

Versions of martyrdom
Brown, 50 (by priests of Kali), 56 (by low-caste archer);
Rae, 124-5.

"Lo, in India are thy miracles, O Thomas . . ." and other poems by Ephraim
St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia , 19-21.

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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas (c) 1997 Herbert Christian Merillat.