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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas:"Twin" of Jesus

Saint Thomas Christians

The Gnostic Apostle Thomas: Notes, Chapter 16

General Sources

There is a substantial literature. I have made most use of the following:
Bayly, Susan. Saints, Goddesses and Kings: Muslins and Christians in South Indian Society 1700-1900 (1989).
Brown, L. W. The Indian Christians of St. Thomas (1956).
Neill, Stephen. A History of Christianity in India (1984).

Among other general works are:
Farquhar, J. N. "The Apostle Thomas in North India," Bulletin of the John Rylands Library , l0 (1926) 80-111.
"The Apostle Thomas in South India," Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, ll (1927) (20-50).
Medlycott, A. D. India and the Apostle Thomas (1905).
Rae, George Milne. The Syrian Church in India (1892).
St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India (S.T.C.E.I.) (1973) vol. 2.
Tisserant, Eugene Cardinal. Early Christianity in India . Trans. E. R. Hambye. (1957).
Woodcock, George. Kerala: A Portrait of the Malabar Coast (1967).


Folk tales and songs about Thomas's mission
Brown, 45-51;
S.T.C.E.I., 8-9, 165-69.

Eusebius on Pantanaeus in India
Eusebius, The History of the Church . Trans. G. A. Williamson. (Penguin edition, 1965) 213-4.

Bishop of Edessa and Thomas of Cana
Woodstock, 113-8.

Colonists from the Middle East in fourth century and later
Aziz S. Atiya, A History of Eastern Christianity (1968) 364;
Tisserant, 8-10, 15f.

Cosmos Indicopleutes
J. W. McCrindle, Christian Topography of Cosmos Indicopleustes (1897) 156, 165;
K. A. Nilakanta Sastri, A History of South India (3d ed., 1966) 26;
Aubrey R. Vine, The Nestorian Churches (1937) 61.

Northists and Southists
Brown, 175-77;
Tisserant, 8-10, 27-8.

Persian crosses
Brown, 58;
Neill, 47-8;
Tisserant, 16;
Rae, 119-21.

Ties with the See of Rawarishir
J. P. Asmussen, "Christians in Iran," Cambridge History of Iran , vol. 3(2) (1983) 932-3;
Mingana, 447, 496;
Tisserant, 18;
Vine, 116-7.

High caste status of Thomas Christians
Brown, 167-74;
Vine, 19-29;
S.T.C.E.I., 126-32.

"Millions of Indians . . ."
Neill, 49.

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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas (c) 1997 Herbert Christian Merillat.