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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas:"Twin" of Jesus

Thomas versus Peter

The Gnostic Apostle Thomas: Chapter 18

General Sources

Bayly, Susan. Saints, Goddesses and Kings : Muslims and Christians in South Indian Society 1700-1900 ( 1989).
Boxer, C. R. The Portuguese Seaborne Empire (1969).
Brown, L. W. The Indian Christians of St. Thomas (l956).
Hough, James. History of Christianity in India (1839) vols. l and 2.
Neill, Stephen. A History of Christianity in India ( l984).
Tisserand, Eugene Cardinal. Early Christianity in India . Trans. E. R. Hambye. ( l957).


Confrontation of Archbishop Menezes and Archdeacon George
Brown, 27-32, 94-8;
Hough, vol. 1, 298-462;
Neill, 205-10, 310-14;
Tisserant, 47-56.

Synod of Diamper
Brown, 32-7;
Hough, vol. 2, 1-142, 515-692;
Neill, 208-19;
Tisserant, 56-68 (Tisserant writes that the Acts of the Synod of Diamper were never officially approved in Rome, and that some of the harsher decrees were eased by a synod in 1603.)

"The Synod is with great sorrow . . ."
Hough, vol. 2, 537-8.

"Thomas"-"Peter" debate in Palayur
Brown, 38;
Hough, vol. 2, 190-2.

Decrees dealing with "errors and ignorance."
Hough, vol. 2, 534-5.

Condemned books and "method of certainty."
Tisserant, 65,68.

Thomas Christians under Dutch rule
Brown, 107-125.

Thomas Christians become Jacobites
Tisserant, 141-3.

Portuguese "discovery" of tomb of Thomas
Brown, 56-8;
Neill, 54-9.

Cross in Mount Church
Brown, 80;
Neill, 47-48.

Ephraim's hymns
George Nedungatt, "St. Thomas the Apostle and Hosios Thomas of Ortona," Orientalia Christiana Periodica , 38 (1972)406;
St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia , vol. 2.

"Thomas was from Jerusalem . . ."
Hough, 190-2.

Relics in Edessa, Chios, and Ortona
Nedungatt, 388-407.

Relic returned to Kerala in 1952
Brown, 58;
St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia , vol. 2, 8.

Recent history of Thomas Christians
Attwood, vol. 2, 234-9;
Brown 132-64;
C. P.and M. Thomas Mathew, The Indian Churches of St. Thomas ( l967) 135-50.

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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas (c) 1997 Herbert Christian Merillat.