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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas:"Twin" of Jesus

Two Into One

The Gnostic Apostle Thomas: Notes, Chapter 24

NHL = Nag Hammadi Library in English , James M.Robinson, ed. (3rd ed., 1988).
NTA-1965 = New Testament Apocrypha , Edgar Hennecke, ed. (Eng. ed., 1963-5) 2 vols.
NTA-1992 =New Testament Apocrypha , W. Schneemelcher ed. (Rev. ed., 1991-2) 2 vols.
GT = Gospel of Thomas .

_______________

Sayings with theme of Oneness
GT, Logia Nos.11, 16, 22, 23, 49, 61, 75, 87,106, 114.;
Bertil Gertner, Theology of the Gospel of Thomas (1961) 218-24;
H.E.W. Turner (theme of unity in log. 22),
Turner and Hugh Montefiore, Thomas and the Evangelists (l962) 102-7.

"Little children" as code word for the Elect
Gertner, 219;
Gospel of Truth , ch.19 (NHL, 41);
ch.43 (NHL 51);
Gospel of Philip , ch. 72, (NHL, 71);
Jacques-. Menard, L'evangile selon Thomas (1975) 45;
Pseudo-Clementines, Hom. XVI; II,15;
Four Sayings in the GT: 21, 22, 37, 46.
"Concerning this the Lord says . . .", Acts of Peter , NTA-1965, vol. 2, 259-321; at 319-20.

"When Salome asked . . ."
NTA-1965, vol. 1, 166.

Clement 2
Helmut Koester, Introduction to the New Testament (Eng. trans., 1987). vol. 2, 233-6;
Marvin W. Meyer, The Gospel of Thomas (1992) 41-2;
New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967) vol. 3, 928.

Gospel of Philip
Trans. Wesley W. Isenberg. NHL, 142.
MacDonald, Dennis Ronald. There Is No Male and Female (1987).

"As a man when in the embrace . . ."
Brihad-Aranyaka Upanishad , 4.3.21;
R. C. Zaehner, Mysticism Sacred and Profane (1975)16;
Robert Hume, The Thirteen Principal Upanishads (1931) 136.
Zimmer, Philosophies of India (1951) 555.

Talmudic story of androgyne
Wayne A. Meeks, "The Image of the Androgyne: Some Uses of a Symbol in Earliest Christianity," History of Religions l3 (1974) 185-6;
Elaine Pagels, Gnostic Gospels (1979) 56-7.

Shaping "back and front"
Psalm 139:5

Plotinus and Gnostics
Plotinus. The Six Enneads . Trans. Stephen MacKenna and B. S. Page. (1952) II.9;
Porphyre, La Vie de Plotin . (1992) 159;
A. P. Bos, "World Views in Collision: Plotinus, Gnostics and Christians,"
Ibid. 11-18;
Marcel Tardieu, "Les Gnostiques dans la Vie de Plotin ,"
Ibid. 518-46.

Mystical experiences of Plotinus and Porphyry
Enneads VI.9.7.33-4;
VI. 9. 9;
Porphyre. vol. 2, 175 (La Vie, ch. 23).
See also Enneads One 6.8; Five 3.17; Five 5.12; Six 8.15.

"no longer a duality . . ."
Enneads, VI.7.34.

"We cannot help talking in dualities. . ."
Enneads. VI.9.9.

Omission of Salome
Morton Smith, Clement of Alexandria and the Secret Gospel of Mark (l973) 189-90.

Speculations about Salome
Richard Bauchman, "Salome the Sister of Jesus, Salome the Disciple of Jesus, and the Secret Gospel of Mark."
Novum Testamentum 33 (1991) 245-275;
Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament , Eng. trans.,(1993) 220;
NTA-1965, vol. 1, 426.

The Protevangelium of James
NTA-1965, vol. 1, 385.
Translations of Logion 61.

Jesus Seminar
Funk, Robert W., Roy W. Hoover, and the Jesus Seminar. The Five Gospels . (1993)
T 507: "... if one is (whole), one will be filled with light, but if one is divided, one will be filled with darkness.
Lambdin (NHL, 133): ". . . if he is (undivided: lst Ed.) (destroyed: 3rd Ed.) he will be filled with light, but if he is divided, he will be filled with darkness."
Layton, p. 391: " such a person, once integrated, will become full of light, but such a person, once divided, will become full of darkness.."
Meyer, p. 47: ". . . if one is (whole), one will be filled with light, but if one is divided, one will be filled with darkness."
R. McL. Wilson, NTA-1965, vol. l, p. 517): ". . . when it is undivided it will be filled with light, but when it is divided it will be filled with darkness."

Two fragments of the Gospel of the Egyptians
NTA-1965, vol. 1, 166.

Mary Magdalene: as consort or companion of Jesus
Gospel of Mary , sec. 18 ( NHL, 527)
Gospel of Philip , sec. 59 (NHL, 145);
Pistis Sophia (Horner trans., 1924) 116.
Hans Kung, Christianity: Essence, History, and Future . Trans. John Bowden (1994) 140.

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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas (c) 1997 Herbert Christian Merillat.