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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas:"Twin" of Jesus

Lady Wisdom Again

The Gnostic Apostle Thomas: Notes, Chapter 27

General Sources

Cynics, other wanderers, and the Jesus Movement
Wenley, R. M . " Cynics", Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics , vol 4, 378-83;
"Neo- Cynics", vol. 9, 299-300.
Cameron, Ron. "The Gospel of Thomas and Christian Origins," in Pearson, Future of Early Christanity (1991) 381-92.
Crossan, John Dominic. The Historical Jesus (1991).
Davies, Stevan L. The Gospel of Thomas and Christian Wisdom (1983).
Mack, Burton L. A Myth of Innocence ( 1988), and The Lost Gospel: The Book of Q & Christian Origins . (1993).
Patterson, Stephen J. The Gospel of Thomas and Jesus ( 1993).
Robinson, James, and Helmut Koester, Trajectories through Early Christianity . (Philadelphia, l97l).
Theissen, Gerd. Sociology of Early Palestinian Christianity . Trans. John Bowden. (Philadelphia, 1978.) 93-4.


Judaic Wisdom books
B. C. Metzger, ed., Oxford Annotated Apocrypha of the Old Testament .

Does Gospel of Thomas derive from Jewish Wisdom tradition?
Davies; Hartmut Gese, "Wisdom Literature in the Persian Period," Cambridge History of Judaism , Vol. 1, 189-218;
Patterson; Rudolph, Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics , vol 12, 397-8.

Sirach and Egyptian wisdom
Jack T. Sanders, Ben Sira and Demotic Wisdom (1988) 61-106.

Possible Zoroastrian influence
Norman Cohn, Cosmos, Chaos, and the World to Come , (1993) 220-6, and bibliography, 263-4;
Mary Boyce, A History of Zoroastrianism vol. 1.

Two layers of Q
Wisdom teaching and apocalyptic
Cameron, 381-92, 386 (describing views of Koester) 389.

Gospel of Thomas , lack of concern with the Law
E. Sayings 6,14, 27, 43,53, 55, 89, 104, Hellenistic Judaism. Martin Hengel, Judaism and Hellenism Trans. John Bowden. 2 vols. (1974.) vol.1, 248.

Gospel of Thomas not a random collection but the product of a writer developing a point of view
Cameron ,14 (attrib. to Koester);
Jacques-. Manard, L'evangile selon Thomas . (1975);
Patterson. Martin Buber, Between Man and Man (1947) 24-5.
Milinda, The Debates of King . Bhikkhu Pesala (1991) c. 8.

Charismatic wanderers
John Dominic Crossan, Four Other Gospel (1985);
Koester, in Robinson, 184-7;
Robinson, "On Bridging the Gulf from Q to the Gospel of Thomas." Nag Hammadi, Gnosticism, and Early Christianity (1986) 137-41;
Stephenson, 156-7;
Theissen, 40-3.

Early followers value words of Jesus before "Christ events" adopted; "Jesus Movement"
Cohn, 194-211;
Davies, 81;
Koester, Trajectories ;
Mack, 120, 180-3;
Patterson, 225;
Theissen, 93-4.

Cynics [general description]
R. M. Wenley, Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics , vol. 4, 378-83; vol. 9 , 299-300;
Theissen, vii; 145-6.

"[T]hose who belong to us by race. . . ." Act 6.61
NTA-1965, vol. 2, 476.

Intellectual tendency toward wisdom of East
Hengel, 212.

Love thy neighbor
Theissen, 138-41.

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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas (c) 1997 Herbert Christian Merillat.