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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas:"Twin" of Jesus

Passages to India

The Gnostic Apostle Thomas: Notes, Chapter 2

General Sources
Charlesworth, M. P. Trade Routes and Commerce of the Roman Empire (New York, l970)
Dihle, Albrecht. "The Conception of India in Hellenistic and Roman Literature," Cambridge Philological Society Proceedings (1964)
Lamotte, E. "Les premiere relations entre l'Inde et l'Occident," La Nouvelle Clio 5 (l953) 53-ll8
Majumdar, R. C. The Classical Accounts of India (Calcutta, 1960)
Pliny the Younger. Natural History , Book VI. Trans. H. Rackham (London, l942)
Rawlinson, H. G. Intercourse between India and the Western World (2nd ed., New York, l97l)
Tarn, W. W. The Greeks in Bactria and India (Cambridge, l95l)
Warmington, E. H. The Commerce between the Roman Empire and India (Cambridge, 1928)
Wheeler, Mortimer. Rome beyond the Imperial Frontiers (London, l954)
Woodcock, George, Kerala: A Portrait of the Malabar Coast (London, l967)

Greco-Roman world's notions of India
Dihle; Rawlinson, 18-19, 131;
Tarn 153-4.

Oration of Dion Chrysostom
Majumdar, p. 431;
McCrindle, xiii-xix, 174.

Alexander in India
Tarn 129-31, 142-3, 167-9, 428;
McCrindle, 26, 70;
Rawlinson, 33-6.

McCrindle, 1-3.

Gold-digging ants
Ibid. 3, 174;
Rawlinson, 23-4.

Sea trade, Hippalos and Periplus
Charlesworth, 58-73;
Neill, 30;
Pliny, 415-9;
Tarn, 361;
Warmington, 42-66;
Wheeler, 114-130, 154-6.

Rawlinson, 46-7;
Tarn, 373-5;
Warmington, 262.

Roman imports of pepper and concern about expenditure of gold
Charlesworth, 68-70;
Warmington, 40-4, 79-81;
Pliny the Younger, Natural History , Book VI. (Trans. H. Ra'ckham, London, l942) 415, 417;
Wheeler, 127.

Roman preference for sea routes to India
Charlesworth, 43, 63;
Debevoise, 203;
Warmington, 1- 4.

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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas (c) 1997 Herbert Christian Merillat.