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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas:"Twin" of Jesus

The True Wedding

The Gnostic Apostle Thomas: Notes, Chapter 3

General Sources
NTA = New Testament Apocrypha

Acts of Judas Thomas (AJT), translations and commentaries
Bornkamm, Gunther. NTA-1965 [New Testament Apocrypha, E. Hennecke ed. (Philadelphia, 1965)] vol 2, 425-531.
Drijvers, H. J. W. NTA-1992 [New Testament Apocrypha, W. Schneedmelcher (Rev. ed., Cambridge, 1992)] vol. 2, 322-411.
Klijn, A. F. J. The Acts of Thomas (Leiden, l962).
James, Montague. The Apocryphal New Testament (Oxford, l924) 364-437.
LaFargue, Michael. Language and Gnosis (Philadelphia, 1983).
Riddle,M. B., Trans. "Acts of the Holy Apostle Thomas," Ante-Nicene Fathers (Reprint, Grand Rapids, 1981) vol. viii, 535-54.
Wright, William. Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles (London, l87l; reprint Amsterdam, l968) 146-298.

There is a very large literature on Gnosticism. The following,
cThe Gnostic Religion (Boston, l958).
Layton, Bentley. The Gnostic Scriptures (New York, 1987).
Rudolph, Kurt. Gnosis: Nature and History of Gnosticism R. M. Wilson, trans. and ed., (San Francisco, l98l).
Pagels, Elaine. The Gnostic Gospels (New York, l979).


In the bridal chamber at Andrapolis
AJT, First Act.

Gnostic goal: ascent of individual spirit to universal spirit
Epiphanius, Layton, 213.
Examples of texts that describe the process are in Robinson (NHL), 262-268 (First Apocalypse of James ) and 190-98 (Exegesis on the Soul ).

"Gnosis" translated as "acquaintance"
Layton, 9.

Plato's myth of creation
Timaeus. Jowett trans., vol. 2, 12-24.

Plato's spheroid human
Symposium. Jowett trans., vol. 1,306-319.

Marilaha, supreme among the planetary gods
J. B. Segal Edessa (Oxford, l970) 57-60.

The Six Enneads
Stephen MacKenna and B. S. Page trans. (Chicago, 1952)
Fifth Ennead,3,1;
Sixth Ennead, IX,7.

Role of Sophia and "Word" in Philo
Helmer Ringgren, Word and Wisdom (Lund, Sweden, l947) 124-5;
Ronald Williamson, Jews in the Hellenistic World: Philo. (Cambridge, 1989) 103-12.

Proverbs 8: 22 and 30, King James Version. Moffatt translation: "The Eternal formed me first of his creation; first of all his works in days of old" and "I was with him then, his foster-child, I was his delight day after day."

Gnostic creation myths
Layton, 12-19.

Valentinian system
Philosophumena. Trans. F. Legge (London, l92l) vol. 2, 25-38, 83-133;
Jonas, 174-205;
Layton, 12-8, 223-4, 281-302;
Elaine Pagels The Gnostic Paul (Philadelphia, l975) and The Johannine Gospel in Gnostic Exegesis (Nashville, l975) 23-35, 119;
Rudolph 317-25.

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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas (c) 1997 Herbert Christian Merillat.