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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas:"Twin" of Jesus

Beyond the Law

The Gnostic Apostle Thomas: Notes, Chapter 4

General Sources

Irenaeus's account of the Marcosian (Valentinian) rite of the bridal chamber
Robert McQ. Grant, Ed., Gnosticism: An Anthology (New York, l96l)191-2;
Elaine Pagels The Johannine Gospel in Gnostic Exegesis (Nashville, l975.) 79-80;
Kurt Rudolph, Gnosis: Nature and History of Gnosticism. Trans. and ed., R. M. Wilson (San Francisco, l98l) 245-7;
F. M. M. Sagnard, Le Gnose Valentinienne et la Temoignage de Saint Irene (Paris, l947) 417ff.;
Robert McL Wilson, Gnosis and the New Testament (Philadelphia, l968)119-45.

Sectarian charges of sexual license
Oulton and Chadwick, Alexandrian Christianity (Philadelphia, 1954)28-9;
Henry Chadwick, "The Domestication of Gnosis," The Rediscovery of Gnosticism, ed. Bentley Layton (Leiden,1980-81) 3-11;
R. M Grant, "Charges of 'Immorality' against Various Religious Groups in Antinquity," Studies in Gnosticism and Hellenistic Religion (Leiden,1981) 161-70;
Bentley Layton, The Gnostic Scriptures # (New York, 1987) 199-200;
R. McL. Wilson, Ed. Nag Hammadi and Gnosis (Leiden.1978) 22.

Sexual asceticism among Christians of eastern Syria
Robert Murray, Symbols of Church and Kingdom (Cambridge , l975) 12-16;
F. C. Burkitt, Early Eastern Christianity (London, l904) 81-93.

"Be not fearful of the flesh. . . ."
Gospel of Philip , c. 66;NHL-1988,149.

Augustine's early life as a Manichaean
Confessions , Ed. Marcus Dods. ( Edinburgh, 1872) vol. 5.
I Timothy 4:1-3; 5:14; 2:12.

"All things are lawful for me. . . ."
l Corinthians 6:12. King James Version: "All things are lawful unto me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but I will not be brought under the power of any. . . ."
Moffatt translation: "All things are lawful for me?' Yes, but not all are good for me. 'All things are lawful for me?' Yes, but I am not going to let anything master me."

Pseudo-Clementine Recognitions
Ante-Nicene Fathers , Ed. A. Cleveland Coxe ( Reprint, Grand Rapids, 1981) vol. 8.

Early heresiologists on Simon Magus
W. F. Albright, Anchor Bible Acts of the Apostles ; Hippolytus. Philosophumena. Trans. F. Legge (New York, l921) vol. 1, 172-202; vol 2, 1-17;
Robert McLachlan Wilson, The Gnostic Problem . (London, 1958) 99-100.

Hippolytus on Ophites
"Hippolytus, Paying the last mite." Eugene de Faye, Gnostiques et Gnosticisme . (Paris, 1913) 391-403;
Robert McQ. Grant, The Gospels: Their Origin and Growth (New York, 1957) 38.

"[A]s it is impossible for the earthly element. . . .A pearl or gold dropped in the mud."
Sagnard, 102, 404.

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The Gnostic Apostle Thomas (c) 1997 Herbert Christian Merillat.