The Gnostic Society Library

Archive | Library | Bookstore | Search | Web Lectures | Ecclesia Gnostica | Gnostic Society

The Gnostic Apostle Thomas:"Twin" of Jesus

Land of Five Rivers

The Gnostic Apostle Thomas: Notes, Chapter 5

Land of Five Rivers (Punjab)
[NTA-1965 = New Testament Apocrypha , ed. Edgar Hennecke (Eng. ed., 1963-65), 2 vols.]
[NTA-1992 = ed. W. Schneemelcher (Rev. ed., 1991-2), 2 vols.]

General sources

Acts of Judas Thomas, translations and commentaries
Bornkamm, Gunther.
NTA-1965, vol. 2, 425-531.
Drijvers, H. J. W.
NTA-1992, vol 2, 322-411.
James, Montague. The Apocryphal New Testament ( l924) 364-437.
Klijn, A. F. J. The Acts of Thomas (1962).
LaFargue, Michael, Language and Gnosis (1983).
Riddle, M. B., Trans. Acts of the Holy Apostle Thomas , Ante-Nicene Fathers (Reprint, 1981) vol. viii, 535-54.
Wright, William. Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles ( l87l; reprint l968) 146-298.

Marshall, J. H. Taxila 3 vols. ( Cambridge, 1951) vol. 3, 1-33, 60.

Dominant groups in northwestern India
Cambridge Ancient History (C.A.H.), vol. 11, chap.3; vol. 12, chap. 4.
Cambridge History of India (C.H.I.), vol. i, chap. 23.
Frye, R. N. The Heritage of Persia (1963)177f.
History and Culture of the Indian People (H.C.I.P.)(1951) vol 2.
Marshall, 12-33.

Gundaphorus in history
Basham, A. L. Studies in Indian History and Culture (1964) 99-124;
C.A.H., vol. xi, 117;
C.H.I., vol. l, 520-5, 563-85;
H.C.I.P., vol. 2, 119, 128-3.
Debevoise, N. C., A Political History of Parthia ( l968) 63-8.
Marshall, 27-9.
Rosenfield, J. M. Dynastic Arts of the Kushans ( l967)


"Winner of Glory,"
Marshall, 28;
Rosenfield, 199.

Earthquake in Taxila
Marshall, 28-9.

"Fellowship of the male."
Harold W. Attridge, "Masculine Fellowship' in the Acts of Thomas ", Gnosticism, Judaism, and Egyptian Christianity . ( ed. Birger A.Pearson,1990) 406-13.

Differences between Syriac and Greek versions of AJT; alterations to "catholocize"
Klijn,13-5, 91, 177-79;
Borkmann, 433-7;
Drijvers, 323-4.
[The Ethiopic version makes Peter the guide of Thomas in the early stages of his journey, thus giving Peter precedence: The Contendings of the Apostles . E. A. Wallis Budge,( l935) 319-20].
Acts of Peter , chap. V.
James, p. 308;
Borkmann, 285.

"A special baptism"
Morton Smith, Clement of Alexandria and the Secret Gospel of Mark (1973);
Marvin W. Meyer, "The Youth in the Secret Gospel of Mark," Semeia 49 (1990) 129-53.

Five members of the mind
James, 376, and note by F. C. Burkitt, 378;
Borkmann, 456-7;
Klijn, 211, 216-7.

Five members among Manicheans
F. C. Burkitt, The Religion of the Manichees (1925) 19-33;
Samuel N. C. Lieu, Manichaeism in Mesopotamia and the Roman East (1994) 8-9, 16-8, 208-9;
Jacques-.Menard, L'evangile selon Thomas . (1975) 107;
Geo Widengren, Mani and Manicheism , (1965). 21-2, 46.

Five trees in Paradise
Gospel of Thomas, Saying 19: NHL-1988 [Nag Hammadi Library in English , ed. James Robinson (3rd ed., 1988)] 128 ;
Menard, 107; BR>Pearson, 120-1;
H.-C. Puech, Sur l'Evangile selon Thomas (En Quete de la Gnose , vol 2) (l978) 98-103.

Manicheans and fivesomes
See, e.g., Iain Garnder, The Kephalaia of the Teacher (1995).

Five skandhas and five Buddhas of Light
W. B. Henning, Sogdica ( 1940) 3; Lieu (1985), 208.

Click here for general information on this book, The Gnostic Apostle Thomas.
Click here to return to table of contents.
Click here to go to Chapter 6.
Click here to go back to Chapter 5.

The Gnostic Apostle Thomas (c) 1997 Herbert Christian Merillat.